Adapted from Paillé and Muchielli , 2011.
Three types of processes could be implied in the categorization: an analytic description, an interpretative deduction and a theorizing induction. But in practice these distinctions will progressively blur. The analytic description is a first step, closer to the text and is a preliminary descriptive work.
As for the thematic coding, it is important to search for the right level or the right context. Here also it depends on the position of the researcher and the context of the research.
For the technical aspects of the coding, we proposed to read and apply the considerations proposed for the thematic coding.