Qualitative research: Observational methods in health care settings

TitleQualitative research: Observational methods in health care settings
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1995
AuthorsMays N, Pope C
JournalBMJ
Volume311
Pagination182-4
KeywordsData Collection Data Interpretation; Statistical Great Britain Health Facilities *Health Services Research/mt [Methods] Humans Research Design
Abstract

Clinicians used to observing individual patients, and epidemiologists trained to observe the course of disease, may be forgiven for misunderstanding the term observational method as used in qualitative research. In contrast to the clinician or epidemiologist, the qualitative researcher systematically watches people and events to find out about behaviours and interactions in natural settings. Observation, in this sense, epitomises the idea of the researcher as the research instrument. It involves "going into the field"–describing and analysing what has been seen. In health care settings this method has been insightful and illuminating, but it is not without pitfalls for the unprepared researcher.